HomeGreen TechnologyThe World ICE Business Cliff Is Right here

The World ICE Business Cliff Is Right here

By Luvhrtz

As a administration guide, I spend most of my working life taking part in with numbers and math within the areas of enterprise improvement and finance. My evaluation targets have all the time been to make use of knowledge and laptop fashions to higher perceive trade traits. With BEVs beginning to go mainstream, we now have sufficient info to make some fascinating predictions.

Courtesy of Luvhrtz

The chart above outlines precise and projected international automotive trade gross sales for BEVs, ICE vehicles, and whole trade manufacturing. The manufacturing numbers are precise between 2015 and 2022, and are in fact projected for 2023–2026 primarily based on historic BEV progress information & traits. Hybrids are lumped in with ICE vehicles as a choice for full BEVs is changing into clear within the information.

As you possibly can see, the general auto trade has declined from when it peaked in 2017 as a result of pandemic and chip scarcity earlier than it began to get well in 2021. This chart/mannequin is conservative in predicting trade progress at 1.6% y/y going ahead and BEV progress at 50% for 2023 (common BEV progress was 57% for the previous 7 years). I additionally adjusted future BEV progress down beginning in 2024 by 2% y/y respecting the way it turns into more and more tough to develop a bigger fleet vs. a smaller one. I believe we now have sufficient information to indicate that ICE automotive gross sales are about to fall off a cliff beginning proper now!

The traits in inner combustion gross sales solely started to diverge from whole trade gross sales in 2020, with 2021 being the primary 12 months since 2017 that the general trade grew whereas ICE automotive gross sales continued their decline. This development accelerated in 2022 and the mannequin helps how this development is not going to solely proceed however speed up considerably beginning proper now. Placing numbers on it, the drop in ICE car demand will imply 2.5 million fewer autos this 12 months, 4 million fewer in 2024, 6.5 million fewer in 2025, and a whopping 9.5 million fewer in 2026 for a lack of ICE gross sales totaling 22 million autos over the following 4 years. Additionally, take into account this decline was calculated permitting for 1.6% progress total for the trade!

What does it imply?

It has been noticed by many analysts that legacy automakers are in a little bit of a pickle. These automakers know how one can become profitable on ICE vehicles, however, for many, BEV profitability is reportedly both adverse or decrease than it’s for his or her ICE merchandise. Now that ICE car gross sales are arguably in everlasting decline, firms making ICE autos must develop their BEV markets quicker than they lose their ICEV market. Additional, legacy firms want to have the ability to make their BEVs a minimum of as profitably because the ICE autos they’re dropping lest the transition impression their financials! The actual fact is that many automotive firms don’t look like very effectively positioned to do that at this important second when the market seems to be swinging quick! We’re most likely now coming into “crunch time” for a lot of of those firms.

So, which automotive firms are in danger?

Along with gathering information and constructing fashions to venture total trade gross sales, I additionally preserve information and observe what is going on at among the high automotive firms. Sorry, I don’t have all of them, however possibly sooner or later I’ll add just a few extra, together with the fast-growing Chinese language firms, as they’re clearly related to this dialog now. Here’s a abstract of what the information suggests for among the high automotive producers from 2015 to 2022.

Please be aware the expansion percentages and volumes beneath are primarily based on precise information. Percentages will not be cumulative, however per 12 months over the previous 7 years! 2022 change vs 2015 is the distinction between whole vehicles offered in 2022 vs 2015 (not cumulatively).

Courtesy of Luvhrtz

The Altman Z scores on this desk are primarily based on a components developed by Edward Altman again in 1968. The components makes use of firm monetary metrics and was created to assist predict which manufacturing firms are vulnerable to going bankrupt. The components was developed utilizing monetary information from firms that went bankrupt. A great rating is over 2.99, and the “hazard” level is a rating of lower than 1.81. The mannequin is taken into account to precisely predict chapter 80–90% one 12 months forward of the chapter. This doesn’t imply an organization with a low rating will go bankrupt, however moderately how a low rating correlates with bankruptcies.


For an automotive producer to be thought of wholesome right this moment, they actually ought to be beginning to produce BEVs in quantity quicker than they’re dropping their ICEV gross sales. They need to even be producing them profitably. Plus, they need to have respectable Altman Z scores.

As you possibly can see from the information, Tesla is a transparent outlier and is in an excellent place to proceed its bold progress plans. Of the legacy firms, solely Mercedes and BMW are rising, and each have comparatively good Altman Z scores. Contemplating each firms even have respectable BEV packages, it suggests they’ll anticipate continued progress and are most likely not in peril of going out of enterprise.

On the different finish of the spectrum are firms which are dropping important gross sales y/y, and/or have weak BEV packages, and/or have low Altman Z scores.

The businesses that match this invoice embrace just about the remainder of the pack actually. That mentioned, it’s tough to foretell that are really in bother since there are such a lot of unknowns, together with how rapidly these firms can ramp their BEV gross sales, if they’ll achieve this profitably, and the way deep their pockets are. I believe 2023 and 2024 will inform us so much, particularly over at Toyota. Toyota is attention-grabbing because it has some fairly good hybrids and a loyal purchaser base. Whether or not this will probably be sufficient to take care of its gross sales within the context of a rapidly declining ICEV market is the query.


There have been some holes within the information from the above websites, so I additionally scoured the web for current annual stories and articles on manufacturing. This included a report from Stellantis on 2022 manufacturing, plus some information from ACEA.auto and BNNBloomberg.

Featured picture from Pixabay/Pexels (CC0 license)


I do not like paywalls. You do not like paywalls. Who likes paywalls? Right here at CleanTechnica, we applied a restricted paywall for some time, nevertheless it all the time felt fallacious — and it was all the time robust to resolve what we must always put behind there. In idea, your most unique and finest content material goes behind a paywall. However then fewer individuals learn it! We simply do not like paywalls, and so we have determined to ditch ours.

Sadly, the media enterprise continues to be a troublesome, cut-throat enterprise with tiny margins. It is a unending Olympic problem to remain above water and even maybe — gasp — develop. So …



Most Popular

Recent Comments