HomeGreen TechnologyPhoto voltaic Oven — Easy & Essential

Photo voltaic Oven — Easy & Essential

Final yr, within the the spring, I met Steen Carlsen. He has travelled extensively in Asia and East Africa, together with Zambia, which is why I got here to listen to of him. Steen has a background in electronics and electrical engineering and we now have had many fascinating conversations already. Sadly, Steen is terminally sick, and is in a rush to understand just a few initiatives earlier than it’s too late. When he confirmed me his photo voltaic oven challenge, I prompt we inform about it right here, within the hope that his detailed description of this easy and essential expertise may attain extra individuals who would profit tremendously.

It’s our hope that this report will function a technical supply for anybody who desires to make directions for constructing and utilizing photo voltaic ovens in areas of the world the place any of the extra fashionable approaches should not but potential. Steen mentions refugee camps as locations the place no commodity, not to mention power, is a given.

The report accommodates uncommon and really detailed technical particulars on the rules of thermal conductivity. It’s a should learn for anybody who must handle temperatures in any system actually. It’s an train in capturing, confining, and never losing thermal power.

The next are excerpts from Steen’s report. Obtain the total report right here.

Concerns, design calculations, development, take a look at and analysis of a cavity walled photo voltaic oven

The usage of fossil fuels presents many issues, not least in refugee camps. Single-walled photo voltaic ovens have proved to work in Ladakh (within the Himalayas), though, a better working temperature is desired. This report investigates the feasibility of designing a twin (i.e., cavity) wall and double-glazed photo voltaic oven, with the intention to boost the working temperature as close to to 100 levels Celsius as potential.

A prototype has been constructed and examined in Aarhus, Denmark (Latitude 56o 16’N; Longitude 10o 20’E), the place it reached a most temperature of 83.0 levels Celsius on August 13, 2022. The take a look at of the oven complied effectively with the theoretical calculations.

An important design course of is so as to add up the three warmth flows — the one from the conduction, the one from the convection, and the one from the radiation. Realizing the sum of every of those three warmth circulation contributions (denoted ΣP) and understanding the distinction in temperature between the specified temperatures TA and TB, I can now calculate the ensuing thermal resistance RTh = |TB – TA| / ΣP.

In a thermal system, a thermal resistor compares to an electrical resistor in an electrical system.

In a thermal system, a thermal capacitance compares to an electrical capacitance in an electrical system.

In a thermal system, a warmth circulation compares to an electrical present in an electrical system.

In a thermal system, a temperature compares to a voltage in an electrical system.

Based mostly on calculations, take a look at outcomes, and the teachings realized, I consider that the temperature of a subsequent prototype may be elevated by one other 5–15 levels Celsius. The design, the expertise, the selection of supplies and required instruments have been aimed to be tailored to the circumstances in refugee camps. I’ve tried to make use of both recycled or low-cost light-weight supplies. I’ve strived to make a design that may be made by a talented handyman.

From the early twentieth century, hay containers have been used extensively to scale back the consumption of gas. It appears apparent to merge the features of photo voltaic ovens and of hay containers, which might suggest gas/firewood financial savings even in the course of the wet seasons. One other further goal for the photo voltaic ovens is to sterilise contaminated water to scale back the excessive mortality price brought on by muddy consuming water.

Photograph by Steen Carlsen

This report is geared toward refugees, refugee camp managers, NGOs and different organisations, do it your self folks — and whoever may need an curiosity. In any design — in any exercise — a suggestions from the tip consumer is essential. Please assist me enhance by offering me with suggestions, could or not it’s recommendations, questions, experiences, or no matter.

There may be, nonetheless, a deadline for the suggestions, as I endure from quite a few incurable illnesses. It’s my hope with this report to succeed in out to organisations and people who’ve an curiosity to make use of the report and hopefully to take my work ahead.

It’s my want that this report shall be accessible freed from cost to everybody on the web. I’ve no financial pursuits on this challenge.

Aarhus, Denmark, December sixteenth 2022.

Steen Carlsen MSc. E.E.
Regenburgsgade 11, 8000 Aarhus C. Denmark.
Mail: carlsen@power-electronics.dk
Cellular: +45 23636968

As a reference and comparability, please see web page 90 in USAID’s report Gasoline-Environment friendly Range Packages In Humanitarian Settings.



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